How the word “freedom” was more powerful than the word “opportunity” Experiment ID: #15034
Americans for Prosperity
Ended On: 4/24/2019
Americans for Prosperity development team wanted to experiment with what terms were most impactful at converting donors and acquiring emails when launching their new Economic (Freedom / Opportunity) Quiz offer to acquire net-new subscribers and donors, as well as activate existing audiences.
Does the use of the term “Freedom” or “Opportunity” make a difference over the other when it comes to acquiring new emails, and/or activating donors?
|Treatment Name||Revenue per Visitor||Relative Difference||Confidence||Average Gift|
This experiment was validated using 3rd party testing tools. Based upon those calculations, a significant level of confidence was met so these experiment results are valid.
Flux Metrics Affected
The Flux Metrics analyze the three primary metrics that affect revenue (traffic, conversion rate, and average gift). This experiment produced the following results:
0% increase in traffic
× 85.0% decrease in conversion rate
× 86.5% decrease in average gift
98.0% decrease in revenue
With a 99.5% level of confidence, we quantified that the word “Opportunity” was not as powerful as the word “Freedom”, to the tune of a -98% revenue decrease.
We also noticed the following trends, as well:
- Donor conversion rate: -79.0% (LoC: 89.0%)
- Email acquisition rate: -35.2% (LoC: 100%)
The offer took visitors through a quiz, then to a petition, and eventually on to an instant donation page.
It appears that the phrasing of “opportunity” does not perform as well as the “freedom” theme of messaging. This potentially taps into a psychological tendency that we have observed in other campaigns — in that “opportunity” represents “hope of gain”, whereas “freedom” messaging categorically aligns with “fear of loss” motivation.
The summary is: “Freedom” is something that we have. We fear losing it. Whereas “Opportunity” is something that we do not yet have, and would like. In other experimentation, we have identified that the “fear of loss” is substantially more motivating than “hope of gain”.
Continued experimentation with the “fear of loss” is advised to validate this theory.